Historical Dictionary



Term used by the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) to refer to its directing, administrative committees operating in newly opened zones, the first structural step in creating creating local or regional-provincial communist committees (Xu Uy or Dang Bo). Besides forming them in the Vietnamese countryside, the ICP also operated secret Party Affairs Committees in Laos, Cambodia, and upland non-Viet areas during the Indochina War. The Affairs Committees for Laos and Cambodia were the single most powerful administrative unit through which the ICP worked in western Indochina during the conflict. These committees served as the foundations upon which Lao and Cambodian communism emerged. In 1949, the ICP assigned the task of creating a new revolutionary government and party for Cambodia to Nguyen Thanh Son, head of the Committee for External Affairs (Ban Ngoai Vu) and Hoang Van Hoan, chief of the all-powerful Overseas Party Affairs Committee (Ban Can Su Hai Ngoai) based in Thailand. After a meeting in Bangkok in 1949, Nguyen Thanh Son returned to Indochina and created the Party Affairs Committee for all of Cambodia (Ban Can Su Toan Mien), the single most powerful revolutionary organization in all of Cambodia and run by the ICP. In March 1950, as in Laos a few months later, the ICP organized a Cadres Congress for Cambodia bringing together Khmer Issaraks from across the country to create a new national front, provisional government, and revolutionary party. Separate party affairs sub-committees existed for the regional section into which the ICP had divided Cambodia. The ICP administered Laos in the same manner. The Western Party Cadres Committee for Laos (Ban Can Su mien Tay) was the clearing-house for communist affairs in Laos and the man in charge was Nguyen Khang. While the ICP gave way to the Vietnamese Workers Party in 1951, Vietnamese communists kept their trans-national Indochinese revolution alive via these powerful cadres committees. See also ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE FOR THE FRONTIER; ADVISORY GROUP 100; CAMBODIAN RESISTANCE GOVERNMENT; COLLABORATION; COMMITTEE FOR THE EAST, LAO ISSARA; IENG SARY; INDOCHINESE FEDERATION; KAISON PHOUMVIHAN; LAO RESISTANCE GOVERNMENT; PATHET LAO; POL POT.