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Historical Dictionary

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ASSOCIATION NATIONALE DES ANCIENS ET AMIS DE L’INDOCHINE ET DU SOUVENIR INDOCHINOIS (ANAI)

According to the official history of this association, the ANAI was born in 1964 from the merger the Association métropolitaine des anciens combattants et victimes de la guerre d’Indochine with the Association de prévoyance des Français d’Indochine, both of which had been initially established in 1947 following the outbreak of full-scale war on 19 December 1946. In 1964, two years after the end of the Algerian War, the ANAI was designed to play “an important role in the realm of [national] memory”. In 1981, the ANAI took over the association of the Souvenir indochinois commemorating Indochinese who served and died in France during World War I and tends to their tombs. The ANAI contributed to the repatriation of the remains of French Union soldiers killed during the Indochina War and inhumed at the necropolis in Fréjus. In 1975, the ANAI initiated the creation of the Comité national d’entraide franco-vietnamien, franco-cambodgien, and franco-laotien. Until their dissolution in 1992, these committees helped relocate to France and French Guyana some 200,000 Indochinese refugees. The raison d’être for the ANAI today is in the making and diffusion of the “memory of Indochina” through its commemorations, publications, exhibitions, seminars, and conferences. See also ASSOCIATION OF MOTHERS OF SOLDIERS; CEMETERIES; CULTURE.