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Historical Dictionary

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MEMORIAL, CAO BẰNG

In 2001, the Association nationale des anciens prisonniers internés d’Indochine (ANAPI) submitted a project to the French President Jacques Chirac to construct a stele along the former colonial Route no.4 in memory of French soldiers who died not only during battles in Cao Bang between 1944–1945 and 1947–1950, but also those who perished in prisoner of war camps run by the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. While the current Vietnamese authorities appear open to the memorial project, French funding has not been accorded as of early 2011. This memorial is designed to complement the one the ANAPI helped create at Dien Bien Phu and which is funded and officially recognized by the French state. See also ASSOCIATION NATIONALE DES ANCIENS D’INDOCHINE ET DU SOUVENIR INDOCHINOIS; ASSOCIATION NATIONALE DES ANCIENS PRISONNIERS ET INTERNÉS D’INDOCHINE; ASSOCIATION NATIONALE DES COMBATTANTS DE DIEN BIEN PHU; ASSOCIATION OF MOTHERS OF SOLDIERS; BOUDAREL AFFAIR; EXPERIENCE OF WAR; EXPERIENCE OF WAR, DIEN BIEN PHU; MARTYRS; MYTH OF WAR; WAR MEMORIAL, DIEN BIEN PHU.