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CAMBODIAN RESISTANCE GOVERNMENT

As the French accelerated their efforts to create the Associated States of Indochina in 1948–1949, the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) countered by moving on their own revolutionary Indochinese state-building projects from April 1949. In April 1950, the Vietnamese presided over the creation of the Cambodian Resistance Government (Chinh Phu Khang Chien) and revamped the Khmer Issarak national front. With Chinese support now behind them, Vietnamese communists renewed their internationalist commitment to implementing an Indochinese revolution and supporting revolutionary states in opposition to those supported by the French and backed by the West. A métis, Son Ngoc Minh, led this Cambodian resistance government. The DRV’s attempts to get this Cambodian political entity admitted to the Geneva conference in 1954 met with stiff opposition from the French, British, and Americans as well as the Associated State of Cambodia led by Norodom Sihanouk. During the conference, the Chinese also backed away from the DRV’s Indochinese pretensions, deciding to recognize the royal governments of Cambodia and Laos as the sole legitimate governments in these two countries. Following the signing of the Geneva Accords, the Vietnamese-backed Cambodian resistance government was disbanded and the revolutionary party faded away, leaving the field open to a different generation of Cambodian leaders, such as Pol Pot and Ieng Sary. See also INDOCHINESE COMMUNIST PARTY; INDOCHINESE FEDERATION; LAO RESISTANCE GOVERNMENT.