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In late 1945, Vietnamese communists came under enormous pressure as they tried to keep the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) afloat against internal and external threats. Inside Vietnam, anti-communist nationalist parties such as the Vietnamese Nationalist Party (Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang, VNQDD), the Greater Vietnam Nationalist Party (Dai Viet Quoc Dan Dang) and the Alliance League (Dong Minh Hoi) launched intense anti-communist propaganda drives portraying Ho Chi Minh as a communist ready to sell out the country to the French. These nationalist parties also called upon the occupying Chinese republican troops to support them against the Vietnamese communists. Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) leaders also worried that the overt presence of the communist party could alienate important non-communist international sympathy for the DRV’s cause, coming from the Republic of China, the United States, and newly emerging independent states in Asia. It was in this context that Ho Chi Minh and at least part of the communist leadership present at that time made the decision to dissolve the ICP on 11 November 1945. Members were invited to join a newly created “Marxist Study Group”. The ICP’s daily paper, Liberation Flag (Co Giai Phong) turned into the Truth (Su That) paper. Significantly, the announcement of the party’s dissolution generated doubts within the French, Chinese, and Soviet communist parties about the real ideological colors and loyalty of the Vietnamese communists and of Ho Chi Minh in particular. However, the communist party was never really disbanded. Rather it went underground (rut vao bi mat). It officially resurfaced in early 1951 as the Vietnamese Worker’s Party. See also FRENCH COMMUNIST PARTY.