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MARRANE, JEAN (LE CHINH, ANDRE, 1923–)

A lifetime member of the French Communist Party (FCP), Jean Marrane first met Ho Chi Minh in Moscow during the winter of 1934–1935. Marrane’s mother worked in the secretariat of the Third Communist International in the Soviet capital. In December 1950, the FCP dispatched him to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) as one of its two special delegates assigned to work with the Vietnamese communists. This followed upon the diplomatic recognition of the DRV by Moscow and Beijing in early 1950 and the return of Vietnamese communists to the internationalist fold with which they had lost touch at the outbreak of World War II. His dispatch also followed upon the return of the FCP’s Léo Figuères, who confirmed that the Vietnamese communist party was now on the right internationalist track. Marrane arrived in northern Vietnam in time to take part in the second party congress, held in early 1951, giving birth to the Vietnam Worker’s Party. He remained in northern Vietnam until January 1953. During his two years working in the DRV, he collaborated closely with Luu Van Loi in organizing propaganda campaigns towards the French Expeditionary Corps and prisoners in DRV hands. Jean Marrane is the nephew of the French communist leader, Georges Marrane (whose daughter married the Catholic nationalist intellectual, Nguyen Manh Ha). Jean Marrane contributed to the making of the documentary film, Le silence des rizières, on French soldiers serving in the DRV, insisting that French prisoners of war taken by the Vietnamese were never mistreated. See also BOUDAREL AFFAIR; CROSSOVERS; DESERTION; INDOCTRINATION; INTELLECTUALS; PRISONERS OF WAR; PUBLIC OPINION.