Historical Dictionary



The ANAPI was established in November 1985 with the mission of bringing together and establishing a list of all former “prisoners, internees, and deportees of [French] conflicts in the Far East”, meaning deportees of the Japanese between March and August 1945 and French prisoners of war during the Indochina and Korean Wars. The association seeks to promote their “material and moral interests”. As of 2008, it counted 1,680 members. The ANAPI was a driving force in getting the French Parliament to vote law No. 89-1013 on 31 December 1989 creating the legal statute of prisonnier du Viet-Minh, the initial raison d’être of the association. Like the Association nationale des anciens et amis de l’Indochine et du souvenir indochinois, the ANAPI is deeply involved in memory-making in France, organizing conferences, publications, and monuments. The association contributed financially to the construction of the French war memorial at Dien Bien Phu and is currently preparing to dedicate a stele in honor of those who died during the battle of Cao Bang. See also ASSOCIATION NATIONALE DES ANCIENS D’INDOCHINE ET DU SOUVENIR INDOCHINOIS; ASSOCIATION NATIONALE DES COMBATTANTS DE DIEN BIEN PHU; ASSOCIATION OF MOTHERS OF SOLDIERS; EXPERIENCE OF WAR; MYTH OF WAR; WAR MEMORIAL, DIEN BIEN PHU.